Camera Modes

Automatic Mode: Auto mode tells your camera to use it’s best judgement to select shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, focus and flash to take the best shot that it can. This mode will give you nice results in many shooting conditions, however you need to keep in mind that you’re not telling your camera any extra information about the type of shot you’re taking so it will be ‘guessing’ as to what you want.

Portrait Mode: Portrait mode works best when you’re photographing a single subject so get in close enough to your subject so that your photographing the head and shoulders of them). Also if you’re shooting into the sun you might want to trigger your flash to add a little light onto their face.

Macro Mode: Macro mode lets you move your closer into your subject to take a close up. It’s great for shooting flowers, insects or other small objects.

Landscape Mode: This mode is almost the exact opposite of portrait mode in that it sets the camera up with a small aperture to make sure as much of the scene you’re photographing will be in focus as possible. It’s therefore ideal for capturing shots of wide scenes, particularly those with points of interest at different distances from the camera.

Sports Mode: Photographing moving objects is what sports model is designed for. It is ideal for photographing any moving objects including people playing sports, pets, cars, wildlife etc.

Night Mode: This is a really fun mode to play around with and can create some wonderfully colorful and interesting shots. Night mode is for shooting in low light situations and sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture details of the background but it also fires off a flash to illuminate the foreground.

Movie Mode: This mode extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones. Most new digital cameras these days come with a movie mode that records both video but also sound.

Aperture Priority Mode: This mode is really a semi-automatic mode where you choose the aperture and where your camera chooses the other settings so as to ensure you have a well balanced exposure. Aperture priority mode is useful when you’re looking to control the depth of field in a shot.

Shutter Priority Mode: Shutter priority is very similar to aperture priority mode but is the mode where you select a shutter speed and the camera then chooses all of the other settings. You would use this mode where you want to control over shutter speed.

Program Mode: Some digital cameras have this priority mode in addition to auto mode. In those cameras that have both, Program mode is similar to Auto but gives you a little more control over some other features including flash, white balance, ISO etc. Check your digital camera’s manual for how the Program mode differs from Automatic in your particular model.

Manual Mode: In this mode you have full control over your camera and need to think about all settings including shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, flash etc. It gives you the flexibility to set your shots up as you wish.

Read and Write: Lenses

1. Wide angles should be used when prominent foreground objects are present.

2. A common mistake of new photographers is they use wide angles incorrect.

3. Wide angles have the potential to drastically change your photography.

4. Some popular zoom lenses are 18-55mm, 18-135mm, 24-105mm, 24-70mm.

5. A aperture of f/4, f/2.8 or larger is usually a faster lens.

6. A fisheye lens gives a 180° field of view.  

7. A telephoto lens gives an 800mm field of view. 

8. Before buying a lens, find out what you want to be shooting and what your budget is.  

9. When using wide angle lenses, get close, have interest in the foreground, but do not try and include too much in the scene. 

10. Lenses in the standard zoom range will cover moderate wide angles- typically 24mm to 35mm, to moderate telephoto lengths- around 70mm and up to about 105mm.

11. Standard lenses tend to range from about 35mm up to around 85mm.

12. Standard zooms are generally included in many SLR kits that come with lenses.

13. Some standard zooms are 18-55mm, 18-135mm, 24-105mm, 24-70mm.

14. Prime lenses are lenses that are just one focal length.

15. Telephoto lenses compress distance, making everything appear closer, as opposed to wide angles which distort perspective and make things look further away.

16. Don’t forget to make your shutter speed fast enough! 

17. 1/500 to 1/1000 shutter speed is the minimum. 

18. If you’re using a longer lens to try and capture movement, try and shoot in a direction in which the object is coming at you instead of shooting parallel movement.  

19. If you want to shoot smaller objects, try using a macro lens.  

20. If you want to shoot architecture, tilt-shift or perspective correction lens should be your choice.  


Alternative Camera Angles

AP:1.7    ISO:32    S:1/460

AP:1.7    ISO:32    S:1/362

AP:1.7    ISO:32    S:1/782

AP:1.7    ISO:32    S:1/465

The low camera angle is what makes this photo successful. The effect of the low camera angle makes the road seem very long. I found this photo on

Conceptual Self Portrait

AP:1.7     ISO: 1600      S:1/4

The word conceptual means, relating to or based on mental concepts. My definition of the word conceptual is something that carries a lot of meaning and symbolism.  This photograph that I took visually represents something that enjoy doing. I love going on late night adventures and drives. I love being outside enjoying the fresh breeze, driving around town when the streets are so empty and peaceful. Sometimes I like going out with my friends but I mostly enjoy it when I’m by myself. It makes me feel calm and relaxed, I’m not thinking about anything else, just my music and the open road. I also love going to view points late at night, you get to see the whole city and all its beautiful lights. It’s all just an escape from life and it feels amazing.

Creating Icons with Cindy Sherman | Photographs | Sotheby's

This is one of many photos that Cindy Sherman has took. I chose this photo cause it caught my attention as soon as I seen it. I love the effect the black in white gives in this photo. She is also sitting in a chair right in the middle of the photo which gives her the effect that she is powerful. She is also holding a cigarette which makes this photo look even better.

Depth of Field

3 Steps for Adjusting the Depth of Field on Your Camera - Photonify

AP:2.0                                             AP:2.0                                          f1.4                                           f22

ISO:250                                          ISO:250

S:1/40                                            S:1/40


Camera Simulator

  1. Shutter speed 1/60 gives great results.
  2. When F-stop is low the area of focus will be smaller.
  3. Making the aperture smaller exposes less light to a picture.
  4. When you shoot with a slow shutter speed any camera movement will show.
  5. When you use to much light your photo misses’ details.

25 sentences

  1. Each of the settings control’s exposure differently.
  2. Aperture is what controls the area over which light can enter your camera.
  3. Shutter speed is what controls the duration of the exposure.
  4. Iso speed is what controls the sensitivity of your camera’s sensor to the given amount of light.
  5. Shutter speed has an affect on how blurred the motion looks.
  6. Iso speed is what affects the image’s noise.
  7. The shutters from the camera will determine when the sensor will open or close to incoming light from the camera lens.
  8. The speed of the shutter specifically refers to how long this light is permitted to enter the camera.
  9. The ‘Shutter speed” and “exposure time” refer to the same concept, where a faster shutter speed means a shorter exposure time.
  10. Waterfalls use motion blurred but for other shots its avoided.
  11. The best way to find out which shutter speed will provide a sharp hand-held shot with a digital camera is to experiment and which results are best.
  12. If a correct focused photo comes out blurry, you need to increase the shutter speed of have steady hands or use a tripod.
  13. Stoping down is when you increase or decrease f stop value.
  14. Opening up is also when you increase or decrease the f stop value.
  15. When f stop splits in half the area that collects like quadruples.
  16. Cameras aperture setting affects the photos depth field.
  17. Iso speed also correlates 1:1.
  18. Iso speed includes 100,200,400, and 800.
  19. Iso speed and shutter speed are used for given exposure.
  20. Digital camera mode: Auto, Program, aperture priority, manual, and bulb.
  21. These modes affect how Iso shutter speed and aperture are chosen for exposure.
  22. Some modes try to use all 3.
  23. Some modes chose one specific setting.
  24. Auto mode is using all exposure.
  25. Camera settings are unrelated to exposure.

Hello world!

Hey this is my new blog where I will be sharing the photos that I take for this class! I will be uploading many photos that I find appealing.